What is Artificial Intelligence?


Artificial intelligence is the series of technologies that serve to emulate characteristics or exclusive capabilities of the human intellect.

The latest technological creations lead us to reflect on where the world is going. In fact, from past to the present, the technical-scientific discipline has been proposing a great world revolution: artificial intelligence (AI).

While there is no exact definition of what it means, artificial intelligence is the name given to a series of technologies with characteristics or capabilities that were previously exclusive to the human intellect. The term is applied when a machine imitates the cognitive functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as learning or solving problems, etc.


History and origin

In 1956, scientists Allen Newell, Herbert Simon, Marvin Minsky, Arthur Samuel, and John McCarthy met at the Dartmouth conference that marked the creation of the discipline of artificial intelligence. They agreed that equipping machines with the ability to think would be easy.

Now, if we go back to the Greeks, the basic ideas about artificial intelligence lead us to Aristotle, who was the first to describe a set of rules that detail a part of the functioning of the mind to obtain rational conclusions. Later, Ceibo de Alejandría came to build the first self-controlled machine rationally, but without reasoning.

In the late 1950s and early 1960s artificial intelligence lived one of the best ages, as machines managed to play better than many human beings, they 'learned' English and solved algebraic and logical problems.

Between the years 1968-1970, the professor of Computer Science at Stanford University Terry Winograd, developed the SHRDLU system, which allowed to interrogate and give orders to a robot that moved within a world of blocks.

Currently, artificial intelligence has revolutionized not only the business world but also the social sphere, with applications ranging from the rapid detection of cancer to the fight against deforestation in the Amazon. New apps like Other mind are using AI to enhance experiences and user interactions.

How does artificial intelligence work? 

Artificial intelligence develops from algorithms. They are mathematical abilities of learning and of the data that are needed to train these algorithms, these are observable data, publicly available or data generated in some companies, the same ones that repeat the process to learn from them.

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What is artificial intelligence used for?

Artificial intelligence has been used in a wide range of fields such as robotics, language comprehension, and translation, word learning, etc.

Risks involved in artificial intelligence:

Although in some aspects of life, the presence of artificial intelligence has many benefits, some experts consider that it can generate new risks.

The financial market is the most vulnerable because the ability to process vast amounts of data by computers can empower those who control them, and this can allow them to dominate finances internationally.

The lack of regulation worldwide is another problem.

But perhaps the risk that worries most and can generate many problems is the loss of jobs. Faced with this, experts have begun to visualize in each of the uses of artificial intelligence what the limits are or how they should be addressed to ensure that the protection of the human being is maintained.


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